What are the basic human needs for survival?
Well, just a few. Right? Air, water, shelter, food. However, this isn't as simple as it looks. From the stone age, as humans have evolved, everything about them has changed. From their structure, lifestyle to their eating habits. From their ways of lifestyle to their clothing. All of these have undergone a drastic evolution too. In short, we can say, humans have created a dynamic system of change for themselves, where nothing remains stagnant. We keep changing ourselves and the world around us, bit by bit and create a different set-up for ourselves.
Modern day humans, unlike the ancient times, require cooked, baked or any kind of prepared food, suited to our present-day lifestyles. Similarly, in the ancient days, the water around them was cleaner. The rivers were not as contaminated as they are today. There were no plastics. No industrial effluents, no smoke and no pollutants. In a nutshell, the water that was available around them was much safer to drink than it is today. Now ships are sailing in the sea, industries release smoke and industrial waste into the water bodies, we have littered plastics everywhere and all the water bodies have become too polluted to drink water from. The water from these places is detrimental to our health. So today, for mankind to survive, we need to make sure that the water they're drinking is safe, treated and free of dirt and germs, just like we make sure that our food is cooked or prepared in some way or the other.
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Let us start looking deeper into the basics of water treatment!
Water treatment can be defined as the process that cleans and disinfects water so that it can be returned to the environment and used by us, human beings. The process includes having to remove the dirt, germs and make them safe enough for the humans, animals and the environment.
Sewage water- This is the wastewater that comes from domestic activities such as toilets, showers or even sinks.
Industrial wastewater, on the other hand, comes from manufacturing, industrial and commercial activities carried and has a completely different composition that of sewage water.
Waste-water treatment plant (WWTP)
Sewage Treatment Plants (STP)
Effluent Treatment Plants (ETP)
Demineralization (DM) Treatment Plants
Reverse Osmosis (RO) process
The process of wastewater treatment is attained through a series of steps that transforms filthy or contaminated water into drinkable and usable forms in the environment. The steps that work together unitedly to form a wastewater plant are as follows: