Water Treatment Plant

Water Treatment Plant in East Africa

What are the basic human needs for survival?

Well, just a few. Right? Air, water, shelter, food. However, this isn't as simple as it looks. From the stone age, as humans have evolved, everything about them has changed. From their structure, lifestyle to their eating habits. From their ways of lifestyle to their clothing. All of these have undergone a drastic evolution too. In short, we can say, humans have created a dynamic system of change for themselves, where nothing remains stagnant. We keep changing ourselves and the world around us, bit by bit and create a different set-up for ourselves.

Modern day humans, unlike the ancient times, require cooked, baked or any kind of prepared food, suited to our present-day lifestyles. Similarly, in the ancient days, the water around them was cleaner. The rivers were not as contaminated as they are today. There were no plastics. No industrial effluents, no smoke and no pollutants. In a nutshell, the water that was available around them was much safer to drink than it is today. Now ships are sailing in the sea, industries release smoke and industrial waste into the water bodies, we have littered plastics everywhere and all the water bodies have become too polluted to drink water from. The water from these places is detrimental to our health. So today, for mankind to survive, we need to make sure that the water they're drinking is safe, treated and free of dirt and germs, just like we make sure that our food is cooked or prepared in some way or the other.

If you're looking at the perfect solution to your water treatment related problems, General International is your one-stop destination!

We at General International, provide you with the best services of the water treatment plant in East Africa. We make sure that you receive the healthiest products in your budget, that will make your house, industries and offices safer. With our services, you can be sure to never infect yourself again! So, contact us for more details, today!!

Let us start looking deeper into the basics of water treatment!

Water treatment can be defined as the process that cleans and disinfects water so that it can be returned to the environment and used by us, human beings. The process includes having to remove the dirt, germs and make them safe enough for the humans, animals and the environment.

Waste-water can be divided into the following types:

Sewage water- This is the wastewater that comes from domestic activities such as toilets, showers or even sinks.

Industrial wastewater, on the other hand, comes from manufacturing, industrial and commercial activities carried and has a completely different composition that of sewage water.

The various types of water treatment plants are:

  • Waste-water treatment plant (WWTP)

  • Sewage Treatment Plants (STP)

  • Effluent Treatment Plants (ETP)

  • Demineralization (DM) Treatment Plants

  • Reverse Osmosis (RO) process

The process of wastewater treatment is attained through a series of steps that transforms filthy or contaminated water into drinkable and usable forms in the environment. The steps that work together unitedly to form a wastewater plant are as follows: 

  • Collection – This is the obvious process of collecting impure or polluted water and taking them in a plant and making them ready for the purification process ahead.
  • Screening and Straining – The water collected is then screened and strained and made ready for further processes.
  • Chemical Addition – Chemicals are added into the screened water to help smaller particles form a clump together, known as floc.
  • Coagulation and Flocculation – Coagulant is added to the water and a rapid mixture is formed. This makes the flock increase in size.
  • Sedimentation and Clarification – On completion of flocculation, the water travels to the sedimentation basin. The water that passes through here makes its way to the filtration bed.
  • Filtration – This process filters the water, making it devoid of all impurities, germs and unwanted metal remains.
  • Disinfection – In this step, the water is disinfected to be more friendly to the environment and humans
  • Storage – The water is stored in the storage areas to be distributed to the intended locations.
  • Distribution – This process ends the treatment as the water reaches its destination.